It was driven by the fear of a communist attack on American soil. In the ensuing melee both sides fought for possession of the Socialists' red flags. Nearly 3, seamen and longshoremen lost their jobs due to this program alone.
One core element of support was a variety of militantly anti-communist women's groups such as the American Public Relations Forum and the Minute Women of the U. In Aprilauthorities discovered a plot for mailing 36 bombs to prominent members of the U. Palmer's Efforts From toPalmer conducted a series of raids on individuals he believed were dangerous to American security.
Truman issued Executive Orderalso known as the Loyalty Order, which mandated that all federal employees be analyzed to determine whether they were sufficiently loyal to the government.
One target was the Washington, D. Senator Joseph R. Jointly drafted by Republican John Marshall Butler and Democrat Hubert Humphreythe law was an extension of the Internal Security Act ofand sought to outlaw the Communist Party by declaring that the party, as well as "Communist-Infiltrated Organizations" were "not entitled to any of the rights, privileges, and immunities attendant upon legal bodies.