A look at nato after the cold war and its changing role

Throughout the Cold War, NATO's military role was essentially static: to prevent an attack against the territory of its member countries.

Nato expansion after cold war

Throughout the s, plans put forward about removing Germany as a threat to peace by making it a neutral, largely disarmed country raised the worries of instability in central Europe that might once again drag the continent into war. Much of this support was economic, through the Marshall Plan for European reconstruction. Many observers have noted a return to some of the conditions of the Cold War that defined international politics between and Although the NATO-led Provincial Reconstruction teams can provide some limited help in this regard, it really does require a broader, concerted international effort by the international community, including civilian reconstruction agencies and NGOs, and international aid money. Pakistan is a direct neighbour of Afghanistan, and one that will play a crucial role in any long-term solution for that country. As the ethnic violence between Serbs and Kosovars intensified, NATO again became directly involved, launching airstrikes against Serb forces in Each side was organizing its own sector of occupied Germany, so that two German states would emerge, a democratic one in the west and a communist one in the east. All this is a far cry from the static Cold War Alliance that was able to meet its objectives without any fighting at all.

Several other nations are in membership negotiations. There is certainly evidence to support both perspectives. And we have established closer contacts with NGOs, to benefit from their unique perspectives - and to explain our approach to them.

changing role of nato after cold war

Although many Russians were still upset over NATO enlargement, it was accepted reality by this point and many Russian officials recognized that its work was more political than military.

The "transatlantic bargain" at the heart of NATO was simply in everyone's national interest.

A look at nato after the cold war and its changing role

OSCE flags, Vienna, While post-Soviet Russia appeared weak, none of its former allies wished to return to the position of client to their eastern neighbor, should Russian power and aggression revive. We already have a military-to-military relationship, but we want to engage with Pakistan in a political dialogue as well.

roles of nato

It was, however, a recognition that NATO could not act unilaterally in Europe, especially outside its area. The answer is simple. But it can also bring a darker influence - while money and information can cross borders easily by cyberspace, so too can terrorists use that medium to spread their malign message.

Cold war allies

Both the conflicts in Georgia and Ukraine also set back NATO-Russian relations, with the West reacting to Russian moves on its neighbors with sanctions and other diplomatic maneuvers. Then came the terrorist attacks of 11 September Russia again objected to this expansion, citing concerns about bringing an alliance from which it was excluded right up to its borders. OSCE flags, Vienna, While post-Soviet Russia appeared weak, none of its former allies wished to return to the position of client to their eastern neighbor, should Russian power and aggression revive. The Afghan government must be in the lead. Disagreements over the future of Germany, the growing division of Europe, and increasing ideological competition created an adversarial relationship between the Soviets and the Western allies Enlargement of NATO, As the Soviets gained control over the countries of Eastern Europe that they occupied during the war, the Western allies reacted by tying Western Europe more closely together, including the western portion of Germany. Yet looking at the history of NATO shows that since its origins in the alliance has often changed its mission, its strategy, and even its geographic scope of membership and activity. The Russian moves along its borders culminating in the war in Georgia did deter further NATO enlargement for the moment. The most important actor to ensure a positive development is the Afghans themselves. Russian warplanes fly through the English Channel. So NATO is no unknown territory for you.

But I believe that there are many signs that indicate that we may well look towards a future of consultation and co-operation on a range of shared interests.

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The Changing Role of NATO After the Cold War Essay