An analysis on chinese communist revolution

The Semi-Colonial Status of China. They carried out mass killings in Beijing and other cities as the violence swept across the country. Such being the case, victory in the Chinese revolution can be won first in the rural areas and this is possible because China's economic development is uneven her economy not being a unified capitalist economybecause her territory is extensive which gives the revolutionary forces room to manoeuvrebecause the counter-revolutionary camp is disunited and full of contradictions, and because the struggle of the peasants who are the main force in the revolution is led by the Communist Party, the party of the proletariat; but on the other hand, these very circumstances make the revolution uneven and render the task of winning complete victory protracted and arduous.

pre revolutionary china

In addition to annexing territory, they exacted huge indemnities. With the addition of a favourable international environment, these factors render it highly probable that China's bourgeois-democratic revolution will ultimately avoid a capitalist future and enjoy a socialist future.

This class represents the capitalist relations of production in China in town and country. They feel they cannot earn enough to live on by just putting in as much work as before.

Chinese cultural revolution

And most dynastic changes came about as a result of such peasant uprisings. We should note, however, that in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, there were some outstanding Chinese thinkers who wanted to modernize China. John King Fairbank, Chinabound. II,, 3rd. Kenneth E. The U. They form about 5 per cent of the rural population or about 10 per cent together with the landlords and constitute the rural bourgeoisie. Those two men and others had come out of the May Fourth Movement and had turned to Marxism after the Bolshevik victory in the Russian Revolution of Hence these sections of the petty bourgeoisie constitute one of the motive forces of the revolution and are a reliable ally of the proletariat. The peasants produced for themselves not only agricultural products but most of the handicraft articles they needed. However, it is no less distorting to begin with the assumption that either of these conditions is correct.

It is true that their basic differences were papered over by the formal agreement to cooperate in the war against Japan -- an agreement extracted by force from a reluctant Chiang Kai-Shek during his kidnapping by young marshal Zhang Xueliang in December Their mouths water copiously when they see the respect in which those small moneybags are held.

However, the Chinese proletariat emerged and grew simultaneously not only with the Chinese national bourgeoisie but also with the enterprises directly operated by the imperialists in China. Japan had its own reasons for using this pretext, which was an inevitable outcome of six years of occupation and exploitation, to further invade and enslave the profitable regions of China.

The shop assistants are employees of shops and stores, supporting their families on meagre pay and getting an increase perhaps only once in several years while prices rise every year.

An analysis on chinese communist revolution

Still, though the Stalin-Comintern Chinese policy had exposed the CCP to brutal repression, at the time it seemed to achieve the primary Soviet goal of aiding a strong national movement to victory, thus loosening the hold of the imperialist powers on China and thereby benefiting the Soviet Union. The Peasantry The peasantry constitutes approximately 80 per cent of China's total population and is the main force in her national economy today. Under the bondage of feudalism they had no freedom of person. This is their policy of cultural aggression. Chiang very much resembled a feudal king or chief thief sitting uneasily atop many lesser thieves. At the same time, most of the merchants in the coastal cities lacked capital and vision, while those who tried to develop more modern methods were checked by foreign privilege. The third section consists of those whose standard of living is falling. Voytinskii was succeeded by Maring alias of Hendricus Sneevliet , who continued to guide the fledgling communist movement in China. In the War of Resistance a section of the big landlord class and big bourgeoisie, represented by Wang Ching-wei, has turned traitor and deserted to the enemy. In the long period from to , however, its upper stratum, namely, the section represented by the reactionary clique within the Kuomintang, collaborated with imperialism, formed a reactionary alliance with the landlord class, betrayed the friends who had helped it--the Communist Party, the proletariat, the peasantry and other sections of the petty bourgeoisie--betrayed the Chinese revolution and brought about its defeat. But this is not the way capitalism and communism are discussed in popular discourse. They rallied more than ten thousand people before the British police headquarters, shouting such slogans as "Down with imperialism! We should note, however, that in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, there were some outstanding Chinese thinkers who wanted to modernize China. Each has hoisted a huge banner: one is the red banner of revolution held aloft by the Third International as the rallying point for all the oppressed classes of the world, the other is the white banner of counterrevolution held aloft by the League of Nations as the rallying point for all the counter-revolutionaries of the world. They dominated the peasants, who made up the vast majority of the population.

They openly declare that their ends can be attained only by the forcible overthrow of all existing social conditions. The big landlord and big comprador classes in particular always side with imperialism and constitute an extreme counterrevolutionary group.

Communism in china

While neither side intended to observe it for long, the communists seemed more willing to abide by it than Chiang. However it was something and that was enough to distinguish the CCP from the rest. Their numbers have grown considerably during the past few decades. From then on, the foreign forces of aggression spread through all China's coastal provinces and penetrated deep into the hinterland. We should note that Soong's children went on to play important political roles. By rural proletariat we mean farm labourers hired by the year, the month or the day. When a Japanese soldier failed to return with his squad, it was assumed he was killed or kidnapped, leading ultimately to the Japanese attack. But would that conflict be sufficient to convince us, as social analysts, that this conflict was between slavery and an alternative social system in the making, much less already present, and not simply between two variant forms of slavery? The party can achieve this only by remaining an absolutely independent organization with a clear programme and strict internal discipline. The proletariat. During the eight years of war, for example, real wages of workers rose only during ; thereafter, to the benefit of employers, they declined. The national bourgeoisie in China, which is mainly the middle bourgeoisie, has never really held political power but has been restricted by the reactionary policies of the big landlord class and big bourgeoisie which are in power, although it followed them in opposing the revolution in the period from to before the September 18th Incident. Jacobs and Hans H.

However, the imperialists retained various concessions after Chiang Kai-shek betrayed the revolution.

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ANALYSIS OF THE CLASSES IN CHINESE SOCIETY