Essay on effects of floods and droughts in india

Sample essay about flood

Case studies—impact of water development on flood and drought management Dams and reservoirs have played a major role in moderating flood-peaks and providing safeguards for drought mitigation. As the drought proceeds, its impacts on associated or dependent societal and agro-ecological systems accumulated or ensues in worst critical or complex condition as shown in Fig. In the event of a natural disaster, the CMG meets frequently to review relief operations and extend all possible assistance required by the affected states to overcome the situation effectively. Displacement from one's home, loss of property and disruption to business and social affairs can cause continuing stress. Floods have large social consequences for communities and individuals As most people are well aware, the immediate impacts of flooding include loss of human life, damage to property, destruction of crops, loss of livestock, and deterioration of health conditions owing to waterborne diseases. In governor Jerry Brown declared a state of emergency, as the state continues its record-breaking drought. Though their drought is not apocalyptic yet, but it could worsen and become an apocalypse that we should fear. Losses occur due to damage to both the structure and contents of buildings.

Funding mechanisms The policy and funding mechanisms for providing relief assistance to those affected by natural calamities are clearly laid down.

Sometimes the damage is only temporary and their habitat and food supply return to normal when the drought is over. There is also a tiny little fish that is causing a mess in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta.

essay on flood for class 9

The state has had its fair share of water shortages from time to time. Since not every person is able to access the relief food, the government has come up with ways to ensure that is able to curb drought so as to increase the level of farm production and solve food insecurity problems.

In particular, flood damage to roads, rail networks and key transport hubs, such as shipping ports, can have significant impacts on regional and national economies.

causes of flood and drought

The India Meteorological Department is mandated to monitor and give warnings of tropical cyclones. Stress and anxiety, disruption to livingloss of community, loss of cultural and environmental sites, ecosystem resource loss Flooding in key agricultural production areas can lead to widespread damage to crops and fencing and loss of livestock.

Combined with a three plus year drought and many people moving into the state there is not enough water to support the crops the farmers need to grow. Wade Graham tells his readers that California is in a serious water crisis.

Causes and effects of floods essay

Floods are associated with excessive rainfall while the draughts are the result of deficient rainfall. The first drought recorded was in , due to the severe drought and economic losses to the farming industry the irrigation system and large reservoirs were created to support agriculture and cities Lund. The frequency of a tropical cyclone in the Bay of Bengal is four to five times more than in the Arabian Sea. Official estimates indicate over 10 million people are food insecure with majority of them living on food relief. Our water comes from groundwater, rivers, or lakes. Floods continue to be a menace however mainly because of the huge quantum of silt being carried by the rivers emanating from the Himalayas. Displacement from one's home, loss of property and disruption to business and social affairs can cause continuing stress. A major scheme, namely Bharat Nirman, to bring 10millionha under assured irrigation over a period of four years through completion of ongoing major, medium and extension renovation and modernization projects, the repair, renovation and restoration of water bodies and groundwater development for irrigation has been taken up by the Government of India. In governor Jerry Brown declared a state of emergency, as the state continues its record-breaking drought. Drought is a result of shifting weather patterns, which changes the amount of precipitation an area receives. That is why we need to discuss the cause and the effects of drought in California and find some effective solutions immediately. Also it is not possible to renovate the lost soil fertility which is caused by erosion so these areas can be counted as deserts. Swain of the American meteorological society and Stanford University, says that the and drought in California was an exceptional climate event in the western coast of the United States Swain The drought that has impacted the state of California has been a national phenomena for a few years now and how it affects the climate and economic aspects of the United States economy has helped increase awareness to the general public of the United States. With the current record-breaking drought in California, there are three factors that are said to be the reasons for causing the drought, which includes rising temperatures, shortage of water from the Colorado River, and depletion in groundwater Macdonald,

However, the overall impact of drought in an area is almost always negative. In the process, the project has almost become a legend in India and is regularly cited to justify large dam-based irrigation projects.

Bubar defined a drought as a long period of little or no rainfall or snowfall, leading to a shortage of water.

Essay on effects of floods and droughts in india

This is true for some places like California where in the last years californians started to import water to grow their crops but raised the price of water for farmers.

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Effects Of Floods And Droughts