Decision-making methods In order to make the jump from brainstorming potential solutions for solving a problem to evaluating and selecting the best solution, group members need to make decisions. Sometimes a sub-committee includes those individuals most affected by a decision, although at other times it is useful for the larger group to have a sub-committee that involves more neutral participants.
The merits of DDM include a better understanding of the proposals, their underlying premises, and their pros and cons by the participants. Most commonly employees are involved in decisions that directly affect how their work is done.
If a greater number of higher quality alternatives are generated, then it is likely that the group will eventually reach a superior problem solution than the individual.
All members feel that they have had an equal opportunity to influence the decision and will continue to support the group The best way to make decisions, if you have the time May be difficult to reach a consensus May be very time consuming Combining ideas Instead of dropping one idea in favor of another, the group searches for possibilities of implementing both or combining them into one solution.
What conflict is affecting our group effectiveness? It is also likely to examine how the internal characteristics of groups demographic and cognitive diversity and the external contingencies faced by groups affect their functioning. There are a variety of ways to make decisions as a group; the seven-step decision-making model presented below offers an effective structure for choosing an appropriate course of action for a particular task or project.
Article review checklist: A criterion checklist for reviewing research articles in applied psychology. Facilitating group decision making activities and discussions When dealing with larger groups, an effective group decision making process will address how group interactions will be managed and facilitated.
The dysfunctional group dynamics of the in-group produces an illusion of invulnerability an inflated certainty that the right decision has been made. As with brainstorming, the prohibition against criticizing proposals as they are presented is designed to overcome individuals' reluctance to share their ideas.