John dryden absalom and achitophel
Thee, Saviour, thee, the nation's vows confess; And, never satisfi'd with seeing, bless: Swift, unbespoken pomps, thy steps proclaim, And stammering babes are taught to lisp thy name.
Half loath, and half consenting to the ill, For loyal blood within him struggled still He thus repli'd. If mildness ill with stubborn Israel suit, His crime is God's beloved attribute.
Absalom and achitophel characters by dryden
Achitophel devises his plan and sends Absalom out to the people to curry their favor and turn them against his father. The young and naive Absalom is easy to manipulate, unlike the older and much more experienced brother of King David. Through allegory, satire and wit Dryden captures the ideas and controversies of the time in this epic poem and really puts you in the whirl of conflicting passions and ideologies of post-Restoration England. How happy had he been, if Destiny Had higher placed his Birth, or not so high! Factions stir up and begin to threaten the government. Michal, of royal blood, the crown did wear; A soil ungrateful to the tiller's care: Not so the rest; for several mothers bore To god-like David, several sons before. Dryden however, despite flirting with democratic sentiments as a young man is now a firm monarchist. The next successor, whom I fear and hate, My arts have made obnoxious to the state; Turn'd all his virtues to his overthrow, And gain'd our elders to pronounce a foe. And all to leave, what with his toil he won To that unfeather'd, two-legg'd thing, a son: Got, while his soul did huddled notions try; And born a shapeless lump, like anarchy. Achitophel starts to get closer to Absalom, flattering him and describing to the young man his virtues as possible King. Achitophel is brilliant and mad with ambition: Great wits are sure to madness near allied, And thin partitions do their bounds divide.
Achitophel compliments and charms Absalom, telling him that it is a shame his low birth seemingly precludes him from taking the throne. Embittered, the young man berates and rejects his own mother for being of low origin.
The beautiful Absalom is distinguished by his extraordinarily abundant hair, which is thought to symbolise his pride 2 Sam.
Absalom and achitophel characterization
Not that your father's mildness I contemn; But manly force becomes the diadem. The name of godly he may blush to bear: 'Tis after God's own heart to cheat his heir. His faithful friends, our jealousies and fears Call Jebusites; and Pharaoh's pensioners: Whom, when our fury from his aid has torn, He shall be naked left to public scorn. Th' ambitious youth, too covetous of fame, Too full of angel's metal in his frame; Unwarily was led from virtue's ways; Made drunk with honour, and debauch'd with praise. The Jews are capricious, tempestuous people who often throw off their ruler for a new one. For when my father from his toils shall rest, And late augment the number of the blest: His lawful issue shall the throne ascend; Or the collat'ral line where that shall end. If Pharaoh's doubtful succour he should use, A foreign aid would more incense the Jews: Proud Egypt would dissembled friendship bring; Foment the war, but not support the king: Nor would the royal party e'er unite With Pharaoh's arms, t'assist the Jebusite; Or if they should, their interest soon would break, And with such odious aid, make David weak. Had thus Old David, from whose loins you spring, Not dar'd, when fortune call'd him, to be king. Now, now she meets you with a glorious prize And spreads her Locks before her as she flies. Not barren praise alone, that gaudy flow'r, Fair only to the sight, but solid pow'r: And nobler is a limited command, Giv'n by the love of all your native land, Than a successive title, long, and dark, Drawn from the mouldy rolls of Noah's Ark. Their busy teachers mingled with the Jews; And rak'd, for converts, even the court and stews: Which Hebrew priests the more unkindly took, Because the fleece accompanies the flock.
What means he then, to Alienate the Crown? Factions stir up and begin to threaten the government. To compass this, the triple bond he broke; The pillars of the public safety shook: And fitted Israel for a foreign yoke. My soul disclaims the kindred of her earth: And made for empire, whispers me within; Desire of greatness is a god-like sin.
Poetry changed entirely with the Romantics a la Keats and Byron and that's the school modern poetry readers are in or closer to.
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