The description of vitamins and their importance in the body

vitamins and their functions sources and deficiency chart

For example, fat-soluble vitamins or minerals, which the body stores and excretes more slowly, can build up in your system to levels where they could cause problems. It also has cholesterol-lowering effects at higher doses.

List of vitamins and their functions

Plays a role in hormone secretion and enzyme activation. Yoder is credited with first using the term vitamania, in , to describe the appeal of relying on nutritional supplements rather than on obtaining vitamins from a varied diet of foods. Whereas vitamins are organic substances made by plants or animals , minerals are inorganic elements that come from the soil and water and are absorbed by plants or eaten by animals. Whole or unprocessed foods — like fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, low-fat dairy products, lean meats, fish, and poultry — are the best choices for providing the nutrients your body needs to stay healthy and grow properly. It was later to be known as vitamin B3 niacin , though he described it as "anti-beri-beri-factor" which would today be called thiamine or vitamin B1. The name is from vital and amine, meaning amine of life, because it was suggested in that the organic micronutrient food factors that prevent beriberi and perhaps other similar dietary-deficiency diseases might be chemical amines. Vitamin D is both a nutrient in food and a hormone our bodies make through sun exposure. For example, humans need to consume vitamin C, or ascorbic acid, but dogs do not.

Cochrane Database Syst Rev. Deficiency may cause beriberi and Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome.

The description of vitamins and their importance in the body

Read enough articles on the topic, and your eyes may swim with the alphabet-soup references to these nutrients, which are known mainly be their initials such as vitamins A,B,C,D,E, and K—to name just a few. It helps the body form red blood cells and use vitamin K. Diets rich in the carotenoids alpha carotene and lycopene seem to lower lung cancer risk.

Vitamin B6 is also called pyridoxine.

types of vitamins
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Vitamins: What are they and what do they do?